miércoles, 28 de enero de 2009

PASADO PERFECTO



Sujeto + had + participio de un verbo
Al igual que en la forma de pasado, los verbos regulares añaden –ed en el participio. En el casode los irregulares, es necesario saberlo.
*** Uso del Pasado Perfecto:

Este tiempo se utiliza para referirnos a un hecho pasado que tuvo lugar antes que otra acción
también pasada o antes de algún momento concreto del pasado:

- When he arrived, the film had finished. 1º acción: the film had finished.
2º acción: he arrived.
- She found out that the he hadn´t gone to school.

- She said she had been at home that morning.


*** Pasado perfecto con already y just.

- I had already had dinner when he phoned. (Ya había cenado cuando él llamó)

- She told me to buy some bread when I had just come back from the supermarket.

(Me pidió que comprara pan cuando yo acababa de volver del supermercado)

- The patient had died when the doctor arrived.

(El paciente había muerto cuando el doctor llegó.)

- Jannet was excited because she had never been to a Disco before.

(Jannet estaba emocionada porque nunca había estado en una Disco antes)

- I had hoped to send her a telegram to congratulate her on her graduation, but I didn´t have time to do it.

(Había deseado enviarle un telegrama para felicitarla por su graduación, pero no tuve tiempo de hacerlo.)

*** PREGUNTAS

Had I worked? Yes,I had // No, I hadn´t
Had you worked? Yes, you had // No, you hadn´t
Had he/she/it worked? Yes, he/she/it had /// No, he/she/it hadn´t
Had we worked? Yes, we had /// No, we hadn´t
Had you worked? Yes, you had /// No, you hadn´t
Had they worked? Yes, they had // No, they hadn´t

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